Review: Damocles


ST Format Review

My Review PART ONE

For this review I’m running Steem with a 1MB STE, running TOS 1.62. I’ve picked Automation 294B, which has a pretty simple intro. Scrolly text, music, a nice picture, simple enough.

Before I go any further it’s worth giving a bit of back-story to this game. So Damocles is the sequel to Mercenary, an old 8-bit classic. Both games were written by one man, Paul Woakes, an absolute legend. Damocles was notable at the time for taking 4 years to make, bearing in mind the rate of development at that time made such a lengthy development process a truly bad idea. He pulled it off though.

The long wait for the game is even worked into the story, which goes thus. The planet Eris is going to be hit by a comet. This was figured out ages ago but nobody did anything other than talk and form committees. Eventually everyone evacuated and the President (Margaret – this was during the time of Margaret Thatcher and this is a British game) called for your assistance. You were unexpectedly delayed, and now have 3 hours to save the solar system. You are free to explore that entire solar system, but beware of time dilation when flying very very fast in space. Before you know it, time will run out and you’ll see Eris get splatted by a comet. Unusually for the time, if you screw up the game carries on and you are still free to explore what’s left of the solar system.

Your computer assistant, Benson, is wonderfully sarcastic in that very 90s way, and the whole game can be said to be very Hitchhiker’s Guide in its sense of humour. If you’re not dead inside you’ll have a few good laughs here.

Once the game has loaded it throws you straight into the action – we arrive on autopilot into the Gamma system and head for Eris (straight ahead) diving straight into the atmosphere.

We make our way down to the surface. In shot are Capital City (green), Bare Island (brown) and Snow Island (white – at the planet’s pole). Key West and Velos aren’t in shot.

Coming in to land at the spaceport.

So we’ve landed, time to go and get the key for my car in that building. The car is the brown shape on the right. A quick note on performance. In flight frame rates are pretty good, around 20-30 fps I’d say. Walking around outside near complex shapes it slows down a bit, to something closer to 5 fps, but inside buildings it tends to speed back up again as it’s not rendering quite so much distance. Controls are sane. Joystick to turn left or right or walk forwards or backwards, with R toggling run mode. Sound is sparse, some burbles for Benson talking to you, and some samples for the automatic doors, plus the occasional explosion sound when someone’s shooting at you.

Objects in the game are presented as oversized objects like this. I can pick it up by pressing the up arrow, cycle my inventory with the side arrows (some will turn the ‘Damocles’ in the middle into a control panel of some sort) and drop the current selected item with a press of the down arrow. So far so easy.

With key in hand, this is my car. A little more on the control panel – the box saying Eris tells you the nearest planet, and to the right of that is your current speed. Below that are two co-ordinates – the planet co-ordinate and the local island co-ordinate, with the altitude next to that. The central panel becomes an interactive panel if you have a suitable object selected (you’ll see that soon) and on the right we have the inventory. The red bar on the left deals with temperature, while the right deals with air pressure. The bar in the inventory tells you how full the inventory is. We have 3 lights below the inventory – the one lit up is run mode, the others tell you if you’re getting too close to the ground in a plane or spaceship and whether you’re under attack.

I’ll (B)oard the car with the B button and (L)eave it with L, and set its speed with the keys 1-9, with space used to stop and the joystick controlling direction. My first task is to go to the president’s occice at the end of the road.

I’m on the road, let’s find this house. By the way – you can see the sun there – there is a complete (accelerated) day night cycle with all the planets orbiting the sun and moons orbiting the planets in the way you’d expect, and some of them are visible in the night sky, depending on which planet you’re on.

This looks like it. Like most buildings in the game it features multiple rooms over multiple floors (we have entire tower blocks) and while the interiors are sparse it’s still pretty cool. All of this is held in memory with no disk access whatsoever.

The president messages through Benson complaining that I’m here finally but was meant to be here months ago, that Eris will be destroyed in a few hours, and advising me to read the Damocles file.

Before I do that I’m going to nick the air conditioner so I have something to sell at a trading post and get some money.

The Damocles file. I pick it up, enter to open it, * to read, + and – for next and previous items. Simple. In it, I am informed that Eris is due to be hit by a comet – a parliamentary committee has been sitting for 30 years considering the problem, publishing many reports but not actually doing anything useful. There are 5 ways to solve the problem*, and we are told that Professor Hantzen has developed a bomb powerful enough to blow up the comet. The problem however is that Margaret and the prof had a falling out after a game of chess and aren’t on speaking terms. Hantzen has since disappeared. The green party on Dion have put a preservation order on Damocles and may be quite pissed off if we blow it up – there are of course options to avoid such a thing. There’s a large reward for saving Eris (well I am a mercenary) without destroying the comet – the reasoning being that a comet might be a useful tourist attraction. It then tells me to go to the lift at the end of the 2nd floor.

Upon arrival Margaret contacts me to let me know that while she’s not there in person (having evacuated) she is there in spirit. She then gives me some co-ordinates for Hantzen’s lab on Bare Island (06-05 – btw you will want a notepad handy when playing this game). She then informs me my spacecraft key is in the basement. Said spacecraft is waiting at the Moorby School Of Flying and tells me to use the road opposite this building to reach it.

* those 5 methods are basically different ways to blow up Damocles, or avoid blowing it up by blowing up Icarus before Damocles passes it. Icarus is this solar system’s Mercury – essentially hot and useless.

This is my spacecraft. Now while I’m being asked to go to Hantzen’s lab, I have a bit of prior knowledge from playing previously and will thus instead first go to 12-14 on Capital City to pick up something useful at the post office. It’s a GPS device.

Here’s the device – I’m being informed here that they’ve moved to a new office at 00-10 on Birmingham Island on Dion, which means there’s probably something there worth knowing about. So, my shopping list for places to check out is:

Eris – Bare Island – 06-05 – Hantzen’s Office
Dion – Birmingham Island – 00-10 – Eris Post Office Temporary HQ

Ahead is Bare Island, and you can see my A-Z computer in action telling me so. As I move around the island it will tell me what each building is.

Here you can see the road network for Bare Island. Typically a building is at each intersection and at even spacings along each road. This is how the game manages to achieve its rendering speed, because it never has to render more than one building at a time.

Now this is an accident but I appear to have found a building that might be useful. I’ll pop along to his lab in due course but let’s look at his admin building.

This is the lift in this office block and that’s my spaceship outside. I can press B for the basement, G for ground and 1-9 for numbered floors. If the floor doesn’t exist the lift simply won’t move.

Here I am on the top floor of the building, I’ve found a Geiger Counter. Not terribly useful but on the other hand it makes for an interesting screenshot with the road outside in the background.

Getting lost, going the wrong direction, I end up at Hantzen Sales which seems like a worthwhile building to visit. Turns out it’s very worthwhile as this is a teleporter. It can teleport me to 9 locations around the solar system.

Testing the teleporter I go to location 2 which turns out to be Verdant Party (green party) HQ. I’ll come back here in a bit, I suspect it’ll be useful, and it’s faster than flying the spaceship to Dion if I want to get to the post office. I’ll have to keep a note of where I leave my spaceship if I do though. Luckily it looks like there’s a car outside and no doubt there’ll be a key available somewhere in the building so I can steal the car. Back to Bare Island however, I need to get to Hantzen’s Office.

Back at Hantzen sales I have a quick look for things to loot – a timed detonator in the basement seems like something that might be useful if I’m blowing up a comet. A happy accident of course but the whole point of the game is to explore and find interesting things. There are a huge number of interesting things to find scattered around the solar system. Some useful, some not.

I eventually make it to Hantzen’s lab, finding Door Key B in the basement. Useful.

So here’s some explosive just lying around. This seems like a bad idea.

His office – I need to drop the explosives for now as I don’t have room in my inventory and need to pick up the notepad to read it. So this is a memo pad.
‘Thu 12th: Monique – last night I fixed your word processor’
‘Fri 13th: Monique – Letter to Novagen as follows: Paul – I know there’s every reason to be late but I must have the four detonators complete and ready for me to prime by the 18th latest. Paragraph. Damocles is due in 2 weeks! – Regards – Ralph’
‘Tue 17th: Monique – Letter to State President as follows: My dear Margaret – thank you for your letter. Paragraph. I do know that there are only 10 days to go on the project for the destruction of Damocles. Paragraph. The bomb is complete and although Novagen is behind schedule, the detonators will be posted to you and three other trustees in good time. Paragraph. I do look forward to our chess game next week. Yours affectionately – Ralph.’
‘Wed 18th: Monique – Despatch detonators to trustees today’
‘Fri 20th: Monique – None of the detonators have arrived! Please check urgently with Eris Post Office. I’m off to the country house for the weekend.’
‘Tue 24th: Monique – It just will not do to know that all four parcels have been temporarily lost by the post office sorting office on Snow Island. There is no time to make any more detonators. I want positive results by tomorrow – Ralph! PS I’m with the state president this evening.’
‘Wed 25th: Monique – If that */-#! phones – tell her I have gone on holiday – and not to Eris either – Ralph’

Looks like I’ve got work to do. Need to get to the sorting office on Snow Island to find out what’s going on. First however I need to read the top secret file sat open on another desk in the same room. This is the Novabomb file. The penalty for leaking its contents is 15 years at Pan Hades labour camp. It tells of the Novabomb which is immensely powerful and can destroy even large planets. Its location is known only to the prof for delivery on the day. It should be placed on the surface of the comet for remote detonation. The bomb is safe for one hour of exposure due to radiation. It tells of the need for 4 detonators, which are disguised as everyday items.

Onwards, to Snow Island.

So, a quick recap. I’ve landed on Eris, there’s a comet coming to smash the planet. I’m in the office of the guy who has designed and built the bomb to blow the comet up, and I’ve found a teleporter which will take me to key locations. There’s a novabomb which only the absent professor knows the location of, but it’s likely he sent it and it got lost by the post service. Similarly, there are 4 detonators disguised as everyday items. We continue the hunt at the post office on Snow Island. The challenge of course will be finding it, but with my trusty A-Z computer I’ll hunt for it, and stop off at other interesting places while I’m there no doubt.

Turns out there’s not much on Snow Island. Just a lot of igloos. Anyway, I found the sorting office fairly quickly. Time to go and have a look inside.

This may look like a humble cupboard, but it’s actually Nova Trigger 2. In another room there’s also a clipboard full of complaints.
1. From Eris Post Office HQ 12-14 Capital City: You’ve lost 4 parcels, please send loss report forms.
– Reply: to Eris Post Office temp HQ (00-10 Birmingham Island Dion) here are the forms
– Lost 1: Addressed to state president at Vesta Parliament. Refused delivery and ordered return to sender. Sent to prof’s new lab address. This address is not specified.
– Lost 2: Sent to Eris Commissioner of Police on Eris Capital – returned marked gone away and held here (presumably the cupboard I picked up).
– Lost 3: Sent to Wilberforce K Dodd, Governor of Bank Of Gaea. Will write to local postman for report.
– Lost 4: Sent to Lord Chief Justice Pickles on Metis. Will write to local postman for report.

Ok so we’ve found 1, but the other 3 are a mystery. I’ll need to do local investigations on Gaea and Metis to find out what happened there, and will need to find out where Hantzen’s new lab is (I presume not on Eris). Given there is reference to attachments, I also wonder if there’s any information to be had at the temporary post office HQ – this might indicate the location of the prof’s new lab address. It’s worth a shot.

Before that though I’m going to fly around Capital City to see if I stumble upon anything fun. In this game exploration pays. Also, you generally won’t solve things on your first play. Instead, you use each play, with each explosion of Eris, to find out more about the solar system so that you eventually have enough information to ace it in one final push.

Like an idiot I spotted a building – exchequer district A. The taxman then promptly took all of my money. Let’s go back to an earlier save…

At the GUM store I find a massive spanner. I am a massive spanner. Right, enough dicking about, time to go to the temporary post office HQ on Dion. There’s a teleporter which will get me there faster than my spaceship, I found it in Hantzen Sales on Bare Island. To Bare Island we go.

Entering the teleporter, just for shits and giggles I go to the Down arrow (I’m at teleporter 1, 2 is on Dion at Verdant Party HQ). 0 is apparently at Hantzen’s new house on Gaea. It’s tastefully decorated. This seems worth investigating.

I find a sideboard, which it turns out is Nova Trigger 1. That leaves only the ones on Gaea and Metis to find, I’d say. A useful accident. May as well poke around to see if there’s anything else useful here.

I come across a fax machine (young people won’t know what that is.. it’s 90s email – you put paper in and it would scan the paper and send that picture over the phone to someone else and their fax machine would print it out).
– Shippers have put his effects in storage at 09-02, this includes a piano which is very valuable.
– The novabomb is equivalent in power to 8 explosives at maximum power. Presumably then I could get 8 lots of explosives at full power and use that to blow up Damocles.

Key B which I picked up earlier in the basement of Hantzen Sales allows me to open the front door. There’s a car outside but I lack a key for it. Back to the transporter.

Going down to teleporter 9 and 8 take me to worlds too cold or airless (Mentor and Bacchus) – with 10 seconds of survival time I manage to run around them and get to the next destinations, and 7 is DHSS House on Logos. The DHSS used to be the department that paid unemployment benefit in the UK if anyone’s wondering. I wonder what I might find in such a place. Not much, it turns out, and the outside is too cold to survive at night. Onwards.

Transporter 6 finds me at the Trade Commission on Gaea, and there’s a key for a car, which is handily parked outside. This should give me a decent shot at exploring this island on Gaea. For now I’ll leave the key here and continue on to Dion, checking out the other teleporter locations. 5 is a nondescript basement on Eris. 4 takes me to Vesta Parliament. This seems like somewhere where I might find something fun. I find a scroll on a desk. This scroll is a series of proposed laws including a proposal for a Poll Tax. This is of course topical as Margaret in the real world was proposing such a tax and.. well it led to pretty widespread rioting. Amusingly it also includes a proposal for equal rights for green haired purple-skinned quadrupeds which seems a very 2020 joke. There’s a key for a car.

Transporter 2 sees me at Dooberry’s Solicitors on Metis, where I find a Filofax (how very 80s – for those too young to know it’s like a diary/address book for yuppies – nope, you’re not going to get it). It contains funnies, but nothing of value. Metis has no air so going outside is out of the question. Avoid floor 8 where you’re informed you’ve been sued for costs.. reload..

Just at Dooberry’s and about to skip the 8th floor, when I spotted the comet out the window. I’ve not got long, having already used a third of my available time. Eris will almost certainly get splatted but that’s ok. I’ll come back for a second go stronger (I’m avoiding walkthroughs and thankfully can’t remember specific locations of things thankfully so this is a fairly faithful ‘first play’ albeit I know the mechanics and the general gist).

The key I picked up at Vesta parliament gets me this car on Dion. Time to go exploring. I’d prefer a spaceship but flying between planets costs time so this is the most sensible option for now (though the lack of aerial view makes mapping a little tricky). Next stop, the new post office HQ (assuming I don’t encounter anything cool en-route).

Looks like I’m heading in the right direction.

And here I am, at the temporary Eris Post Office HQ (though quite what they’ll do if Eris is destroyed is uncertain – so why bother relocating the office?). In the first room I find a bed, and a notepad on a table. The notepad informs me of Hantzen’s new address (which I’ve already found via transporters). So, I’m a bit short of leads right now. That said, we know that one was lost on Gaea and one was lost on Metis. The former I can get to via transporters and I have transport. Metis however lacks an atmosphere so I’ll need to find some means to breathe, or bring a spaceship and land right next to buildings and make mad dashes in and out of them. Onwards, to Gaea.

A quick stop at Lawson Bank to get a nice snap of the bank, a road, and the comet approaching the sun. Lawson Bank was so named because the Chancellor at the time of coding was Nigel Lawson, who these days is better known as the father of Nigella Lawson (does anyone get the feeling he was hoping for a son?).

Would someone please tell me how this…

… created this…

.. because it’s a complete mystery to me.

So this is my ride on Gaea. Time to do some exploring to see what I find.

Leaving the building and following the road round, the first named building I encounter is this one, the Bank of Gaea – which just so happens to be where the Gaea recipient worked. Let’s go inside.

Gold in the basement.. hmm.. well I’m not the most moral person in the world. Besides, I need some cash. Need to find a trading post of course.

Ah a desk, a chair and a clipboard. The clipboard will surely have something funny on it. Turns out it’s a receipt. An acknowledgement of receipt of the item. He has however taken it to be payment for debts rather than something more important, and has thus sold it. It then gives me a location for the trading post. The trading post paid 30000 credits and I’ve only got 9000. Looks like I’ll need some cash. Hopefully there’s some other trading posts nearby where I can sell the key for the Limo on Eris and the gold. I might come back for the sofa, the desk and the chair if need be. No leads yet on the actual bomb, but hopefully something will come up.

So here’s the trading post, and they’re asking for 40000 credits. I’ve got 9000. Time to see if I can make some money.

And here’s an empty trading post. Time to go sell something. A kidney maybe?

So the way this works is you cycle your inventory, and the price appears. If you’re happy to trade, you drop the item and get the cash. Simple. Each trading post only deals with a single item (something that the scroll in Vesta parliament proposed a law to fix – a nod to the technical limitations of the game lampshaded for comedy). I now have some cash.

If I leave and come back this is the price to buy back the gold.. a 100% markup! Cheeky bastards!

So I want to buy the hi-fi. All I need to do is pick the object up when I have enough cash and it’s mine.

And as you can see it’s one of the triggers.. wait I paid 40000 for that you rip-off bastards.

So I’m going to stop there as I don’t want this to turn into a full solution – I want you guys to have fun playing it. This is a genuinely great game. Looking at it from 2020 it’s clear there are technical limitations. The spacing apart of the buildings, the single-object trading posts, the lack of humans, etc. And yet none of it matters. The game evokes a wonderfully desolate alien atmosphere that you end up just not caring about those things, and its world is so well-realised and beautifully-written that it drags you in. Finding things is hard, but that’s part of the fun, it’s a treasure hunt. It’s notable that the sequel (Mercenary 3: The Dion Crisis which I plan to cover in a similar way) gets around some of these problems by having people in the game, albeit in a limited way, and a public transport network (with bus timetables printed and in the box). The thing is that this game just puts my brain in such a wonderful place. The relaxed pace (even with that timer) means I can soak up the world and have some fun. It’s glorious.

It’s pretty damn cool and hugely ahead of its time in so many ways, though perhaps something of an evolutionary cul-de-sac where Midwinter can trace its lineage down to the modern Far Cry games, Damocles has never really been copied or extended, which is a dreadful shame.

If you have some spare time, jump into this extraordinary world created by an extraordinary man. Paul Woakes created something genuinely beautiful. Go and enjoy it.

Map of Gamma System:
Windows Conversion/Remake:
Save game at end of this review:

Review: Treasure Trap

Treasure Trap

ST Format Review

My Review
For this review I’m running Steem with a 1MB STE, running TOS 1.62. I initially went with Superior as nobody else bothered cracking this one. Superior were previously known as Flame Of Finland and their menus are a bit bare bones. In this case however the menu simply didn’t work. In the end I found an image in the TOSEC collection among the non-pirated releases, an STX file which requires pasti.dll to run. The downside of this is that I can’t use Steem 4, having instead to downgrade to 3.9 which for some reason won’t let me have a maximised window, instead running full screen. This means I may have some inconsistent screenshot sizes.

So the game has a fairly crap loading screen with a god-awful chiptune rendition of “row row row your boat”. Not a great start.

Before continuing, for anyone who couldn’t be arsed to read the ST Format review, Treasure Trap is an isometric game in which you explore a shipwreck. I’m stripping it for cash while trying to avoid nasties. Air is a problem but pockets of air can be found scattered around. Simple. ST Format make the comparison with the 8-bit classic Head Over Heels and the screenshots certainly convey that. I’m hoping for something that scratches the Cadaver itch, but let’s see what we get.

Ok so we have a marginally better chiptune as we go into our animated intro, and actually that animated intro isn’t bad.

We’re off to a bad start. It took me quite a while to realise that the player sprite is hiding behind the door.

Eventually I managed to nick the gold from on top of the crate, but the other two pieces on the ground were impossible to collect (which is annoying as a Youtube video shows someone just walking up to them and collecting them). Similarly the Youtube video shows someone using the door at the top, just walking up to it and opening it, and that also doesn’t work. I’ve set all the keys up, I know what keys do what, in the end in sheer desperation I just press everything, but to no avail. I suspect that the orangey sphere on the floor is required to open the doors, but as the game won’t let me pick it up I’m somewhat screwed.

Eventually, after much faff, I find out that I must jump on the key (space) and pick it up while I’m on top of it with D. That seems logical.

On to the second room. The doors are unlocked, all I need to do is pick up the gold on the table and atop the stack of crates while avoiding the starfish and the jellyfish. I can’t jump high enough for the crates so I leave it for now.

Yet again I arrive in a room unable to see my sprite. Worse, staying still too long results in being killed while moving incorrectly results in being killed. I manage to take the door on the right after a few goes.

I jump at the stack of boxes and manage to push the top one. It falls to the ground and creates a step so I can exit to the right.

Not sure how I get to the door up top, but I’ll need a key for the one on the right.

Oh so those boxes moving up and down are lifts.. cool.

Another room – this time I can see where I’m going. There’s an air canister on the table. Gold in the corner, I’ll get that before moving on.

And another simple room, I need to get some gold but the question is how do I get to the door up top?

Eventually I hit one fish too many and die.

Here’s a map of where I went apparently.

So, is it any good? In a way it is. The graphics are well-drawn, the animation is solid and reasonably smooth, and the world is well-realised. It does have some design flaws as I’ve noted above, basic quality of life things with a touch of unfairness, plus controls are quite dodgy aside from the weirdness of picking things up (they’re not very responsive). The bigger problem however is a shallow gameplay loop. Get gold/key, go to door. In many ways I probably would have rated this higher if Cadaver wasn’t a thing, but as it is I’d personally choose Cadaver over this. It’s not a bad game by any means, I did like it despite its flaws and you’ll probably have a good time with it. It’s just unfortunate that the bitmaps came along and showed how it should be done.


Review: Flood


ST Format Review

My Review
For this review I’m running Steem with a 1MB STE, running TOS 1.62. I’ve gone with Fuzion 9, in part because I’ve not used many Fuzion disks, but also because the menu has some hilariously bad artwork (I’ve had to spoiler-tag it). Scrolling text is the usual, the music sounds vaguely familiar..

For this one I had a look at the Amiga version too as it seemed worthwhile to make some kind of comparison. This section for instance still has the sampled sound but the colour isn’t as good as the Amiga version, and it seems like the sound is of lower quality. It’s a nice enough animation though, reasonably well put together.

The loading picture requires rather more dithering than the Amiga version due to the ST’s more limited palette. The Amiga gets some sampled music but the ST gets silence.

We’re into the first level with a “Let’s go”. The Amiga has a few sampled noises but no music, and the ST is the same. Scrolling is the big difference. Where the Amiga camera follows the player around smoothly, the ST scrolls in stages, with rapid moves when they happen, to disguise the weakness of that area of ST performance. Character animation is reasonably smooth. Controls are a little sticky and the sticking to walls and ceilings feels a bit gimmicky and I think has resulted in less time spent perfecting the jump.

One absolutely unforgiveable mechanical failure is that there seems to be no clear rhyme or reason behind getting out of one level and moving to the next. It doesn’t happen when you collect the last piece of rubbish, and on first glance there’s no door (or at least not one that does anything).

Looking at the manual it refers to end of level teleporters and says that in-level teleporters can be invisible and that must be what I encountered. This took me to a place I didn’t see any obvious way in or out of but I somehow accidentally made my way back and eventually found the end of level transporter. And now here I am on level 2.

Completing level 2 – this section was a bit of a problem in that the monster you see up top can’t be avoided or killed as I can’t get a weapon and his patrol path makes it impossible not to hit him. Btw that’s the teleporter my character is over.

It’s revealed in which I think is taken from the ST Format Bullfrog Assembler tutorial that Flood was Sean Cooper’s first game. He would later create Syndicate so he did at least get better but really it’s fairly clear here that this is a training exercise for a new coder disguised as a game. Frankly if you compare it with Entombed for instance, which came free on an ST Format coverdisk and was allegedly its developer’s first Assembler game, and achieves smooth scrolling on an STFM, it’s clear that the trainee wasn’t yet up to standard.

I’m not sure why ST Format gave Flood a Format Gold – I suspect the Bullfrogs brand name counted for a lot and to be fair it’s not a bad game technically and it tries to do something new, but the level design is weak, the art direction isn’t the most inspiring, and it really doesn’t do much to stand out from the crowd.

Manual (French):
Manual (English):

ST Format Issue 13

ST Format Issue 13 – Download

The World in July 1990
In UK news, England went out of the World Cup, losing the semi-final to Germany on penalties in what would become a national tradition. UEFA lifted the ban on English clubs which had been in place since the Heysel disaster. Nigel Mansell announced his coming retirement from F1, and Graham Taylor was appointed England manager. It would not go well. Most importantly of all, my wife was born.

The US entered recession, while George Bush signed legislation to protect disabled workers from discrimination.

Elsewhere in the world East and West Germany officially merged their economies. Martina Navratilova and Stefan Edberg won Wimbledon. Belarus declared sovereignty in its quest to escape the USSR.

On TV the big event was the World Cup final, with the three tenors singing together for the first time – Pavarotti’s Nessun Dorma would be the highlight. Oh and some football happened too. MPs voted to make televised coverage of the commons a permanent thing. Stars In Their Eyes (in which people would try to sound like famous singers) made its debut on ITV. Masterchef made its debut on BBC1.

The film charts had the weakest of the Back To The Future Trilogy at #1, after Tremors had a couple of weeks in the top 10 before exiting rapidly. Dick Tracy was the big budget feature, while Tom Hanks did his thing in Joe Vs The Volcano. I’m genuinely curious as to what the buggering hell “I Bought A Vampire Motorcycle” is like. I’m also curious as to whether Lord Of The Flies is any good – the book is of course magnificent but I don’t know much about the film.

The album chart had Pavarotti at #1 due to the world cup, while Elton John occupied #2 with an album that contained only 1 decent track. With too many greatest hits albums, the chart is pretty miserable.

The singles chart is mixed. Elton at #1 with Sacrifice is decent enough, Pavarotti at #2, Craig McLachlan continued the wave of Neighbours stars releasing singles but while it was catchy enough it wasn’t anything special. Roxette’s It Must Have Been Love is a banger, and everyone loves MC Hammer’s You Can’t Touch This, while One Love by Stone Roses is ok, but overall it’s a weak chart with a novelty single at #7 (Thunderbirds Are Go).

The Magazine
Issue 13 came out in July 1990, and was my 4th issue. It’s actually a pretty decent read, even if the cover is pretty lame. The theme, it appears, is a helpdesk of sorts, a newbies guide, that might be expected more in January’s issue than July’s. Still, it gets better inside.

The cover disk’s headline item is a demo of Battlemaster. As a kid I really couldn’t find a good game in there, due to muddy graphics, poor controls and there just not being much to it. The disk page cites Gauntlet as inspiration but I’d be much happier playing Gauntlet as it does something this game has forgotten about – readability. In Gauntlet it’s really easy to figure out what’s going on, every object’s purpose is clear and you know which bits of screen are trying to kill you. Not so in Battlemaster. It’s one of the things Nintendo is pretty unique in these days.

In the news, we have Atari’s CD-ST. Quite why anyone thought a machine with 0.5MB RAM would be of any use running software from 650MB media is beyond me – it was simply too early for the tech to be usefully applied to the computers of the era, especially given they didn’t have the processing grunt to push data around at that rate. Obviously there was some hype around FMV and with 20/20 hindsight we can see that it’s shit, but surely the clues were there with how awful Space Ace and Dragon’s Lair (which were effectively FMV games) were. Not much else going on in a quiet month.

Here’s a video of someone showing off an Atari ST CD unit.

Suffice to say it didn’t achieve any level of commercial success. I reckon it might have worked if they’d bundled the Falcon with one, but then again the prohibitive cost might have made the Falcon even more of a failure.

We get an interesting discussion around cheap synthesizers you can plug into your ST and the one I had as a kid gets a mention, the legendary Yamaha PSS-480. While the keys weren’t touch-sentitive (ie no variation of velocity) it did do polyphony well and it was well-specced for MIDI and allowed you to generate your own sounds (albeit they were shit). It’s where I learned a lot about making music, as I used the free copy of Sequencer One from a later issue of ST Format.

There’s a mix of gold and shit this month. You’ve got Metal Masters which I think is a mech fighting game, Gold Of The Aztecs looks like a shit fantasy scrolly stabby game, and there’s Satan from the muppets who brought us the excorable Army Moves and Navy Moves. In more positive news there’s a shot of “Murder!” (the ! is required) which I always liked the look of though I suspect it might end up not living up to my idea of what it would be. Another rather interesting title is the Monty Python game. I love all things Python, as any good Brit should, so that’s relevant to my interests. Meanwhile Core (of Tomb Raider fame) had Corporation in the works – looks like a futuristic dungeon master game. The cream of the crop though is Life And Death, where you get to be a surgeon and operate on people. Screenshots always looked super-exciting.

ST Format has been shifting in these last few issues to give broader coverage to gaming, perhaps realising that games were a larger part of the target market than they originally thought, and the previews section has shifted a little from the 2 pages with a screen for each game to having additional segments that you’d recognise in modern games magazine previews.

In this issue for instance we have a lengthy preview of Magnetic Scrolls game based on Alice in Wonderland, and the windowed system it uses. It’s actually quite an interesting evolutionary dead-end, and evolutionary dead-ends are always fascinating in that they offer a bit of insight into how games evolve. In this case, where Zak McKracken took adventures in a different route in escaping the bounds of text adventures by using a point and click interface with verbs and inventory supplementing a full graphical environment, Magnetic Scrolls had roots in text adventures and so their approach is in many ways more traditional. While the graphical image is clickable and interactable, they’ve also got windows with text descriptions in the traditional text adventure style, and have icons for movement, and listing items in the room and so on, with menus to interact with those objects. In a way the visuals are simply shortcuts to push parsed messages to the parser and to present the available options to the user to avoid the hassle of typing (while still allowing them to do so). It’s a layer that sits atop the standard text-parsed adventure, instead of being a direct replacement for it. It’s clever, but you can see they were bound my thinking around text adventures rather than consideration of graphic adventures. One suspects they went down that path because they knew they could no longer charge full price for text adventures and wanted graphics that would look nice in a review, but didn’t quite go far enough in ditching text because that was what they were used to.

The second preview is a little bit naughty. Their graphics editor was working on a game for EA, and we have a 3 page preview for that game which frankly looks ugly as sin. Next issue it will get a Format Gold.

The third preview centres on Bullfrog, and thus it’s pretty interesting. I’ve posted it in full below for you guys to enjoy, but I’ll also just talk about it for a bit as I can obviously look at it with a bit of hindsight. Their humble beginnings as makers of serious software and then the mediocre Fusion certainly don’t hint at greatness, and you can clearly see that Populous made them. Without Populous we’d never have heard of Peter Molyneux, we wouldn’t have Theme Park/Hospital, we wouldn’t have Black & White, and the world would be a less fun place.

The story around the naming of Powermonger is interesting, showing that even in 1990 software publishers were using focus groups, something I didn’t think was the case. As it is I do wonder if the game might have been more successful as Warmonger (the original title) or one of the suggested titles Megalomania, which Sensible Software would later use for their magnificent game.

The focus is clearly on Powermonger and one gets the impression that Flood was knocked out as a quick project to keep the books balanced and possibly to train up some of the newbies. There wasn’t much hype pre-release and it barely gets a mention here, though it did get a Format Gold (possibly because the magazine writers were a little too friendly with the devs – who knows, I guess we’ll find out when I play it).

One interesting thing is that even here Peter is bullshitting a little. He talks about designing your ranks (presumably the uniform your soldiers wear) and that absolutely isn’t in the game. Similarly there’s mention of neighbouring fishing villages playing a game of baseball which I’m pretty sure is fictitious. The killer feature is named villagers going about their business – my suspicion however is that it generates the names and tasks as they appear on screen and forgets them as they disappear, but it does a decent enough job of creating the illusion so I’ll let him keep that one. Powermonger is a VERY good game by the way.

Games reviewed this month:
Damocles (Explore a solar system, save a planet from a comet – Novagen – £24.95 – 94% Format Gold)
Wipe Out (Tron Light Cycles on water – Gonzo Games – £19.99 – 64%)
Flood (Platformer [from Bullfrog] – EA – £19.99 – 91%)
AMC (Run and gun from Army Moves devs – Dinamic – £19.99 – 69%)
F29 Retaliator (Flight Sim – Ocean – £24.99 – 76%)
Midnight Resistance (Run and gun – Ocean – £24.99 – 41%)
Khalaan (strategy – Rainbow Arts – £24.99 – 59%)
Thunderstrike (Abstract 3D shooter – Millenium – £24.99 – 88%)
Treasure Trap (Isometric adventure – Electronic Zoo – £24.99 – 81%)
Atomix (Puzzler – Thalion – £19.95 – 79%)
Rourke’s Drift (Strategy – Impressions – £24.99 – 46%)
Skidz (Shit skateboarding game – Gremlin – £19.95 – 71%)
Prophecy 1 (Platformer – Wired – £19.99 – 67%)

Of those, the ones that interest me most are the Treasure Trap and the legendary Damocles. The latter was one of my favourite games growing up, while Treasure Trap was a game that interested me but I never got round to. I want to take a look at Flood because it’s a Bullfrog game I’ve not played, though honestly it doesn’t look like anything special. Finally I think it would be useful to have a look at F29 Retaliator to compare it with F-19 Stealth Fighter.

For those playing along at home, I’ll be sourcing pirated releases from the TOSEC collection on Here’s a list of releases, likely you’ll also find decent releases at AtariMania.
– Flood – Automation 313, Fuzion 9, SuperGAU 346, Medway Boys 76, Pompey Pirates 43, Vectronix 517
– Treasure Trap – Superior 74A
– F29 Retaliator – Automation 377, Pompey Pirates 38, Superior 75, Vectronix 480
– Damocles – Automation 294B, Fuzion 13, SuperGAU 488/955, Medway Boys 73, Pompey Pirates 41, Vectronix 803

Reviews This Month

Review: Damocles

Damocles ST Format Review My Review PART ONE For this review I’m running Steem with a 1MB STE, running TOS 1.62. I’ve picked Automation 294B, which has a pretty simple intro. Scrolly text, music, a nice picture, simple enough. Before I go any further it’s worth giving a bit of back-story to this game. So…More

Review: Treasure Trap

Treasure Trap ST Format Review My ReviewFor this review I’m running Steem with a 1MB STE, running TOS 1.62. I initially went with Superior as nobody else bothered cracking this one. Superior were previously known as Flame Of Finland and their menus are a bit bare bones. In this case however the menu simply didn’t…More

Review: Flood

Flood ST Format Review My ReviewSPOILER: NOT 100% WORK SAFE SCREENSHOTFor this review I’m running Steem with a 1MB STE, running TOS 1.62. I’ve gone with Fuzion 9, in part because I’ve not used many Fuzion disks, but also because the menu has some hilariously bad artwork (I’ve had to spoiler-tag it). Scrolling text is the…More